Menopause generally occurs in women between the ages of around 45 and 55. During this period, the ovaries are having insufficient oocytes, leading to decreasing levels of periodic estrogen and progesterone to be secreted by the pituitary gland. The decrease in turn affects the regular thickening, exfoliation and bleeding of the endometrium. As a result, the menstrual cycle becomes irregular, with early or late arrival, and increased or reduced blood loss. In general, these conditions last for a period of time until the final menstrual period. Menopause can only be affirmed when a woman stops having menstruation (period) for a year or above.
You may start to notice some menopause symptoms months or even years before the onset of menopause, which are called perimenopause symptoms. Some common symptoms include:
Some women may suddenly experience brief blushes and hot flushes in their upper body, face, and even the entire body, which usually last for one to several minutes. In addition, discomfort such as easy sweating and rapid heartbeat may occur.
2. Vaginal dryness
Due to reduced secretion of estrogens, vaginal tissue is losing its elasticity. Meanwhile, the vagina is prone to itchiness, inflammation, and in the worst case, causes decline in bladder function and urinary incontinence.