If your cyst is found to be quite small (less than 5 cm across), your doctor will probably just need to monitor it. It is likely to disappear on its own within a couple of months and not cause any problems.
You may be advised to take the contraceptive pill if you have a functional cyst, or if you are prone to getting them. The contraceptive pill can help to prevent this type of cyst.
If your cyst is large, causing you any pain or discomfort, or doesn´t start to go away after several weeks, your gynaecologist may suggest you have surgery to remove it. The extent and type of surgery you have will depend on many factors, including the size and type of cyst you have, your age and your desire to have children.
Ovarian cyst removal
Many women can have a procedure that involves just removing the cyst (without having to remove your ovary). If your cyst is small and unlikely to be malignant, it can be carried out as a day case using a type of surgery called laparoscopy (or keyhole surgery). This involves using tiny instruments inserted through small cuts in your skin to remove the cyst.
Some women need open surgery instead of a laparoscopy to remove their ovarian cyst. In this procedure, a larger cut is made in your abdomen in order to remove the cyst. Both types of procedure are done under general anaesthesia, which means you will be asleep during the operation.