Hyper- and Hypothyroidism
Getting to know Hyper- and Hypothyroidism
Being a small and flat butterfly-shaped organ located in the front of the trachea in the neck, the thyroid gland is difficult to observe and feel under normal circumstances. In fact, the thyroid gland is an endocrine gland responsible for producing hormones that are carried by the blood to various parts of the body. The two hormones produced by the thyroid gland are mainly thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which are responsible for regulating the body's metabolic rate. Variations in T3 and T4 levels often cause thyroid problems such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. The former refers to the condition when an overactive thyroid secretes too much thyroxine, whereas the latter means that the thyroid gland does not produce sufficient thyroxine.
While thyroid disease affects mainly females, some patients may have a family history. However, since the symptoms are sometimes not so obvious, patients may not be aware of their conditions and think that they are only suffering from sub-health problems among urban people. Hence, regular medical examination can help detect thyroid problems.